Common Learning Difficulties
Everyone is Different
The term ‘Learning Difficulties’ tends to strike terror into parent’s hearts. It can bring up all kinds of worry and guilt about how they ‘got it’. The truth is that everyone is different, and everyone learns in different ways.
Here is a quick guide some of the jargon.
Dyslexia is the most well know, and is difficulty with reading. Everyone finds reading difficult to some extent at first, so really it is about degree. Many children have some problems with ‘acquiring language at the word level’ as it is defined. Most children overcome this quickly, but some children get stuck and find it difficult to make progress.
Not to be confused with this is Dysgraphia. This would be a broad range of problem, everything from handwriting and forming letters, to organizing and making sentences make sense when writing.
If your child tends to fall over, has trouble balancing or buttoning a shirt and other practical skills; this may be described as Dyspraxia. They may have problems holding a pencil or with handwriting, but it can be a more global problem with how the brain coordinates the body.
More recognized now than it used to be is Dyscalculia. This is a kind of ‘number blindness’. Some children find it hard to memorise number facts (2+2 =4) or have terrible problems with money or time.
Dysphasia or aphasia is difficulty with the spoken language. How we convey information through language is very complicated, but some children find it hard to tell a story or understand directions and instructions.
|Dyslexia||Problems reading, writing, spelling.|
|Dyscalculia||Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money|
|Dysgraphia||Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas|
|Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)||Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity|
|Dysphasia/Aphasia||Problems understanding spoken language, poor reading comprehension|
The good news about all learning difficulites is that people who study the brain now believe that it is much more ‘plastic’, or able to change, than they previously thought. Therefore it is great to identify issues early and start helping your child to overcome them as soon as possible.
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